【主题】The Motherhood Penalty on Health: Evidence from China
【摘要】A comprehensive understanding of women’s physical and mental well-being following childbirth is important, as it can inform policies regarding the labor market equity and health insurance coverage. We examine the impact of childbirth and child rearing on health outcomes of parents. Using an event study model with data from China, we find a persistent motherhood penalty on both physical and mental health, whereas there is little fatherhood penalty on health. We have explored three potential mechanisms that might explain the unequal impacts of children on parental health. First, mothers experience a greater increase in total work time (including paid work, housework, and childcare hours) than fathers after having a child. Second, mothers are more likely to engage in multitasking. Finally, mothers are more likely to experience sleep deprivation in the first year following childbirth.
【报告人简介】张璇，2019-2013就读于中国人民大学经济学专业，获得经济学学士学位；2013-2019就读于美国布朗大学，获得经济学硕士与博士学位。现为新加坡管理大学助理教授。主要研究领域为健康经济学，劳动经济学和公共经济学。论文发表于American Economic Review，Journal of Public Economics，Journal of Development Economics等。